Wastewater Treatment Plant: Three Stages of Wastewater Treatment Process
Sewage treatment plants have a pivotal role to play when it comes to cleaning sewage water. That’s why it is right to say that wastewater treatment is an essential part of society. However, this is one of the aspects that many of us frequently misunderstand and neglect. Yet, sewage treatment plants have a lot of vital functions. They are also known as household wastewater treatment plants.
The process usually used by plants is to clean up and treat the water that comes from the municipality, home, factories, and commercial purposes. The treatment of wastewater is essential because it does not let the environment get polluted nor does let do any harm and spread illness. Illnesses due to polluted environment are a health hazard for the people. With the help of Wastewater Treatment Plant Engineering Consultants, the sewage water plants are designed in a way that doesn’t include wastes that are usually coming from heavily pollutant sources. The good thing is that many industrial plants build up their own wastewater treatment systems.
Design and construction of wastewater treatment plants
When it comes to the design and construction of today’s water treatment plans, it is usually composed of three major stages. These stages are:
- Primary stage
- Secondary stage
- Tertiary stage
In this stage, the substances that are supposed to be simple to be eliminated are taken out of the wastewater. The floating solids such as oils, grease, fats are skimmed. They are also taken out from the surface area of the water. The other solids that include grits, rocks, are strained. Other remaining big items at this stage are ranked out to prevent the destruction of sewage plant’s facilities and machines.
The floating solids like grease, oils, and fats are skimmed and also taken out from the surface area. The other solids such as rocks and grits are strained, and other significant items are raked out to prevent the destruction of sewage plants’ machines and facilities.
When it comes to the secondary stage, the primary objective of installing the plant is to remove the biological contaminants in wastewater. At this stage, the most sophisticated technical treatment and removal of waste take place. There are a lot of methods used to lessen and eliminate unwanted elements.
At the tertiary stage, the last water treatment process happens. The main goal of this stage is to make the water as clean and pure as possible before it is discharged to the natural environment.
This is done with the help of man-made or artificial filtration or systems. The wastewater treatment procedures are also used to remove the phosphorous and nitrogen content of the liquid. The extra liquid is then disinfected by using UV treatment and chlorine.
The solid wastes or sludge that is justify from the treatment of wastewater is processed separately and differently when compared with the liquid wastes. In the process of wastewater treatment, the treatment of sludge is still another essential function of the wastewater treatment plants. According to Wastewater Treatment Plant Engineering Consultants, this is done by using the process of aerobic and anaerobic procedures that utilize bacteria for the treatment of wastewater. Going with another method, it is the use of compositing for breaking down the biological contaminants of the wastes.
Wastewater Treatment Plant is very important today when it comes to treating wastewater. In many villages and towns, the plants are used to clean water contribute to a pollution-free environment.