Construction of Green Buildings
Generally, when someone plans to construct a house, they opt for the same old traditional method. But in recent times, things are changing and people are opting for green homes or eco-friendly homes. Eco-friendly homes provide good returns in the long run and it benefits you and environment by reducing the maintenance cost of your home. In the last couple of years, India is witnessing the need for constructing green homes, and now even the builders come up with green home ideas to do their bit for the environment.
In recent times, one can find a mix of green building projects in India, which include residential, commercial and hospitality sectors. The first green building in India was the CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre in Hyderabad
What’s in it?
1. Green building materials: One can increase the efficiency of their homes by using green construction materials and save money without putting stress on the environment. House constructed using green materials keeps the natural resources intact and minimises pollution, and creates a healthy and safe environment for the complete family. Some of the green materials are bamboo, cork tiles, wool carpets, plant fiber carpet, straw board, sunflower seed board and blue jean insulation. It is important to know that materials that release toxins should not be used.
2. Windows and skylights: Windows play an important part in green homes. The windows need to be properly positioned. This will prevent homes from heat during mornings and evening hours. The glass used on the windows should be a low e glass, coated with a reflective metallic coating that prevents the transmission of heat and UV radiations. Some of the laminated low e glasses even shield against noise. One can also opt for skylights. This allows natural sunlight to light up your house, especially for rooms which are the darkest.
3. Installing solar panels: Installing solar panels will provide energy for your home in many ways. This kind of alternative energy has become very common in green homes. There are two kinds of heating systems; one that generates electricity directly like photovoltaic and wind power system. And, another that uses solar heated or pre-heated water for domestic purpose. The PV and solar hot water systems can be mounted on a roof, but wind systems require a land to install. Solar energy is pure and clean energy, and it can heat water at the most basic level. Also the surplus energy can be saved by transferring onto a battery and can be stored for later use. Use of solar water tanks can heat stored water for cooking, gardening, showering and much more.
4. Managing water: Water is a very important resource for living, which needs to be saved. This can be done by accumulating rainwater in rain barrels. The importance of rain water is that it does not contain chlorine, lime or calcium and it can be easily used in gardens, flower pots and to wash your car and windows. Water from sinks and showers can be recycled and used in gardens. Installing low-flow toilets preserve water and reduce waste.
5. Lighting: The use of fluorescent or LED can reduce energy consumption to a great extent. They are affordable and are recommended by architects and builders. LED lights are so small that they can be installed even in difficult spots, such as, high ceilings. Another good point is that these lights have a very long life. Hence, once installed they are pretty much forgotten.
6. Using recycled materials: Recycled bricks are 20% cheaper than the new bricks and using them for constructing green homes reduces gas emission by 80%. Another reason to use recycled bricks is that it brings back the charm of old heritage homes.
Cork flooring, also a renewable resource is an eco-friendly product. It is easy to clean, sturdy and insulates your house against sound and temperature. It is also insect-resistant and non-toxic. Similarly, bamboo can also be reused as it is easily cleanable and is resistant to water, fire, decomposition and insects.
Benefits of green homes
Green homes offer a quality living space and help save money. It can lower the consumption of energy by 50% and consumption of water by 70%. Looking at these factors, opting for green building will prove to be healthy in the long run, though they are pricey.
Currently, In India, construction of green homes are not only limited to independent houses, but have also extended to residential apartments and villas.
Author bio: Nakul Mahadeb writes on behalf of property.sulekha.com, one of India’s Top 3 leading property portals. Offering more than 1 lakh properties across India, it is a one stop real estate destination, to rent, buy or sell property.